Charismatic Worship – Heaven on Earth?

Charismatic Worship – Heaven on Earth?

Charismatic churches teach that music/sound is used to not only praise God, but as a means of connecting to the supernatural and bringing heaven to earth, however scripture teaches that we are simply to sing praises to God with gratitude in our hearts. Corporate singing has evolved from churches singing songs that have depth of theology in lyrics to simplistic repetitive phrases built around amateur rock bands, lights and performance. While there are variations on this scale, even a casual observer will be able to notice a difference in corporate worship in many churches over the past few decades.

The Bible states that we are to praise God with song. Singing praise to God is a joyful experience:

We are to praise God with song

Psalm 33 (CJB)
1Rejoice in Adonai, you righteous!
Praise is well-suited to the upright.
Give thanks to Adonai with the lyre,
sing praises to him with a ten-stringed harp.
Sing to him a new song,
make music at your best among shouts of joy.
For the word of Adonai is true,
and all his work is trustworthy

We are to sing praises to God with skillful musicianship and our voice. The Law Of First Mention states that the first time a word or phrase is used is significant. The first time we see a song in the Bible is Exodus 15:1

Exo 15:1 KJV

(1) Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

Song comes from the Hebrew שִׁיר (sheir) (Strongs H7891) meaning to “sing as a minstrel”). This is in response to passing through the Red Sea on dry land and the Egyptian army being destroyed in the water. This is joyful and triumphant, not somber or melancholy.

Following the Law of First Mention, the first time we see praise is in Genesis 29:35

Gen 29:35 KJV

(35) And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called his name Judah; and left bearing.

Praise comes from the Hebrew יָדָה (yadah) (Strongs H3034) meaning to give thanks. Singing with praise is joyful and thankful music. It’s celebratory.

It’s important to note that although we have coined the term “worship” as in relation to corporate singing in our local fellowships, Biblically, worship is reverence and obedience and not associated with music the way praise is. The first time we see Worship is in Genesis 22:5

Gen 22:5 CJB

Avraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey. I and the boy will go there, worship and return to you.”

The word used for “worship” comes from the Hebrew שׁחה (shâchâh) (Strongs H7812)

shâchâh meaning to bow down.

This is Abraham being obedient to God in offering Isaac as a sacrifice which sets up a prophetic type that looks forward to Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross. It’s not simply Abraham bowing down, but Abraham being obedient.

When we look at New Testament references, a couple more aspects are added:

Colossians 3

16 let the Word of the Messiah, in all its richness, live in you, as you teach and counsel each other in all wisdom, and as you sing psalms, hymns and spiritual songs with gratitude to God in your hearts. 

We sing songs that that have an aspect of teaching in addition to joyful, obedient praise.


Ephesians 5

(17) Therefore, do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord’s will is.
(18) Stop getting drunk with wine, which leads to wild living, but keep on being filled with the Spirit.(19) Then you will recite to one another psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs; you will sing and make music to the Lord with your hearts;

Paul’s letter to the Ephesians adds that we understand the will of the Lord and sing. This continues the concept of joyful obedience and praise to God with song.

When we consider worship as obedience and reverence, we need to closely consider that God wants us to be separate from the world and not use pagan methods for worshiping (reverence and obedience)

Deuteronomy 12:2-3
2 You must destroy all the places where the nations you are dispossessing served their gods, whether on high mountains, on hills, or under some leafy tree. 3 Break down their altars, smash their standing-stones to pieces, burn up their sacred poles completely and cut down the carved images of their gods. Exterminate their name from that place.

As David was not only a skilled warrior, but a musician and poet was he considering how he can bust out the cool grooves that the Philistines were doing on the coast? Would David incorporate them into worship to a Holy God?

I would suggest that wasn’t the case…

In the Epistles where Paul quotes from Isaiah 52:11

Corinthians 6:17
17 Therefore Adonai says,
“‘Go out from their midst;
separate yourselves;
don’t even touch what is unclean.
Then I myself will receive you.

1 John 2 15-16

 15 Do not love the world or the things of the world. If someone loves the world, then love for the Father is not in him; 16 because all the things of the world — the desires of the old nature, the desires of the eyes, and the pretensions of life — are not from the Father but from the world.

To be “Joyfully obedient to God with praise in song”, we need to follow what God says to us through the Bible. This sets a foundation on how we as Christians are to corporately praise God.

 O Christian people, be holy, for Christ is holy. Do not pollute that holy Name wherewith you are named. Let your family life, your personal life, your business life, be as holy as Christ your Lord would have it to be. Shall saints be shams when sinners are so real?” (Spurgeon, 116)

Music is Amoral?

The crux of the argument to use modern pop\rock music in worship is based on the idea that music is amoral. In the Pastor’s Handbook John Bisagno writes:

Music is amoral. Music is the vibration of air from a string or through a tube. Music is only a means by which we express what’s in our mind and on our heart” Bisagno, 243

Rick Warren who is a pastor of the “megachurch” Saddleback as well as influential Christian leader and top selling author writes:

 Saddleback is unapologetically a contemporary music church. We’ve often been referred to in the press as “The flock that likes to rock.” We use the style of music the majority of people in our church listen to on the radio.” (Warren, 285)

But is music really amoral? Amoral definition from dictionary.reference.com:

 Amoral:

  1. not involving questions of right or wrong; without moral quality; neither moral nor immoral.

  2. having no moral standards, restraints, or principles; unaware of or indifferent to questions of right or wrong:

What’s some examples of amoral?

A line on a page

_____________________________________________

A line has no moral qualities, it is simply a mark. However when you cross that line, it becomes a symbol which has moral aspects.

cross-06

You can communicate and have an emotional response with symbols, either positive or negative. To the Christian, the cross represents salvation. To the atheist, it represents mind control, to the Jew, due to hundreds of years of persecution by Christians, it represents oppression. Symbols are a form of communication.

Music as well is a language that is a form of communication. A musician understanding composition and music theory can go to a country, not understanding the language, yet play in an orchestra with a sheet of music in front of them. A jazz or blues musician which is largely improvisational can go to any country, not knowing the language and sit in a “jam” session with other jazz or blues musicians and create improvisational music with them.

A note is amoral. It is simply a note. However when you understand the mathematics behind music, you realize that it’s a language. There are 12 chromatic degrees between a note and it’s octave. Consider the alphabet to compare this to. Music theory breaks down this chromatic scale into 7 note diatonic scales or 5 note pentatonic scale degrees. If you change the scale degrees by altering a note, you get major and minor scales as well as modes of those scales.

A chord is a playing degrees of those scales at the same time. A minor chord, diminished chord or a major chord will have a different emotional response. Composers for movies, video games, live plays and entertainment of all sorts use music to enhance emotion during aspects of the story. Suspense scenes don’t involve soft music associated with sentimental scenes. Imagine Jaws with soft jazz piano.

Action scenes don’t involve music associated with seduction scenes. Consider a final battle scene in a historical epic, but instead of drums or symphonic build, bluegrass or polka is the music track. This would change the emotional response from edge of your seat suspense to slapstick comedy.

Composer Robin Hoffman states:

Music can serve several purposes that are either important on the emotional side of the movie or help/enhance the storytelling. It is not only helpful but essential for any director/producer to keep the music in mind when planning/shooting the movie. For example collages that practically don’t work at all without film music can have a fantastic effect later with the appropriate music.

Creating Atmosphere
This is one of the strongest function of music in the movies. It can set the tone of the movie. Just by the way the score comes in for the first time in the movie makes it possible to know the genre and the “level of drama” of the movie. Of course exactly this really strong function can be used to create plot twists.

Composer Joel Douek states:

One thing that film composers learn quickly is that when it comes to emotions, humans beings are much more music-driven than they are visual-driven. It takes only 25 frames per second to fool the eyes, maybe less. But you need thousands of samples per second to fool the ear. The immediacy with which we react to a film’s soundtrack shows that at least emotionally, we are much more prejudiced to the sound than the images.
(Hoffman, web)

As we can see, music is a language, but what of rock music, the music that much of modern worship is based on? Let’s consult some experts in the field:

Gene Simmons of Kiss:

““That’s what rock is all about—sex with a 100 megaton bomb, THE BEAT!”

Pual Stanley of Kiss:

““Rock ‘n’ roll is sex. Real rock ‘n’ roll isn’t based on cerebral thoughts. It’s based on one’s lower nature”

Adam Ant.

Pop music revolves around sexuality. I believe that if there is anarchy, let’s make it sexual anarchy rather than Political”

Frank Zappa:

Rock music is sex. The big beat matches the body’s rhythms”

(qtd in What Every Christian Should Know About Rock Music)

Why is rock music sex?

Dr. Jack Wheaton states:“besides activating the fight or flight response that is part of this system, loud repetitious, syncopated rhythms can also stimulate the lower chakras, energy centers from the endocrine glands, particularly the gonads or ovaries – the reproductive glands”

(Wheaton 143)

While rock may have originated in the 50’s with Elvis and Buddy Holly, that particular genre is referred to as “rockabilly”. The pop and rock we hear now was largely formed in the 60’s and 70’s through the counter culture’s mantra of “do whatever you want”. While this statement is rebellious, it is also worded as “follow your heart”, but originated with Aleister Crowley, the self proclaimed “beast” and father of modern Satanism in his Law of Thelema. “do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law”.(Crowley 1)

Many successful musicians can be quoted saying that the genre of rock isn’t just about sex, but that it’s demonic.

David Bowie: “Rock has always been the devil’s music, you can’t convince me that it isn’t. I honestly believe everything I’ve said—I believe rock and roll is dangerous. … I feel that we’re only heralding something even darker than ourselves” (DAVID BOWIE, Rolling Stone, February 12, 1976, p. 83).

Little Richard: “My true belief about Rock ‘n’ Roll — is this: I believe this kind of music is demonic . . . A lot of the BEATS in music today are taken from voodoo, from the voodoo DRUMS.” (Charles White, The Life and Times of Little Richard, p. 197)

I was directed and commanded by another power. The power of darkness … that a lot of people don’t believe exists. The power of the Devil. Satan” (Little Richard, cited by Charles White, The Life and Times of Little Richard, p. 206).

Minimal research will provide many more quotes to confirm this if there is any doubt.

While we may enjoy the music styles, the format that we’re using to worship (obey) God with and praise God with are based on a genre synonymous with sex ,rebellion and occultism. It’s popularized by bands and artists that have created careers based on sex and rebellion as well as occult links. So while Rick Warren and those pastors who are promoting music as amoral may be experts in building a large church based on an appeal to popularity, they are either ignorant of the power of music, which is unlikely since they’re intelligent men, or they’re using popular genres of music to draw a large consumer base into their churches based on what’s currently vogue in entertainment. Unfortunately “success” in the church isn’t defined by a call to repentance, discipleship and teaching of the Bible, but instead by the worldly standards of a large consumer base of individuals coming to the theater on Sunday mornings to see the performance.

In our culture, music is an extremely powerful medium. Music is in everything we do from lullabies sung to a baby all the way to music at a funeral. Music sells us products that we don’t need and can be viewed as a soundtrack to our very lives. Simply hearing a song can evoke powerful emotions of joy or sadness.

In addition to just using a popular format to draw people into a theatrical church service, leaders in the charismatic movement view music as a means to “bring heaven to earth”.

Pastor and recording artist Glenn Packiam articulates well what is generally understood by those involved in “worship” ministry: “Worship” is an encounter with God”

Contemporary worship is framed within a paradigm of encounter: We gather to sing and to meet with God. In fact, many scholars have remarked that in charismatic worship, singing is the place of encounter. It ought to be noted, however, that Christian worship has in one sense always been about an encounter, which historically was God meeting us in the bread and wine.”
(Packiam web)

Packiam is not alone as he states the general concept that’s understood in Charismatic “worship” of creating an encounter. This is the general understanding of how Worship ministry is understood by those involved in worship circles. Using music to facilitate an “Encounter with God”.

There is a movement sometimes referred to as “Signs and Wonders” within Charismatic circles also called the New Apostolic Reformation (NAR). Founder of this movement, C. Peter Wagner in the book: “The Changing Church: How God is Leading His Church Into the Future” states:

The name I have chosen for this movement is the New Apostolic Reformation. I use “Reformation” because, as I have said, I believe it at least matches the Protestant Reformation in its overall impact; “Apostolic” because of the most radical of all the changes is the widespread recognition of the gift and office of apostle in todays churches; and “New” to distinguish the movement from a number of denominations that use the word “Apostolic” in their official names…”
(Wagner 10)

Pastor, Author and Scholar John MacArthur says of the NAR

It is not new, it is not apostolic, and it is not a reformation…”

(MacArthur web)

Included in this movement are Bethel Church of Redding California, home of the bestselling worship band: “Jesus Culture Band” and International House of Prayer (IHOP) from Kansas City. IHOP is home to popular recording artist Misty Edwards.

Bethel Church in Redding California takes this further by viewing corporate worship as responsible to bring Heaven down to Earth. In promotional material for their upcoming conference they state:

In Matthew 6 Jesus instructs his disciples to pray, “Our Father who art in Heaven, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in Heaven.” A cornerstone in our community has been the pursuit and experience of what this phrase truly means.
For the first time, we are dedicating 3 days and 2 nights to make room for authentic encounters with God and to focus on what it means for Heaven to come to earth in us and through us. HEAVEN COME.”
(bethelmusic web)

Bethel isn’t alone in this philosophy of Heaven as longtime top selling singer and composer Michael W Smith also sings:

(Heaven Come Down)

Oh, heaven come down tonight
We wanna see Your glory shine
Burnin’ like a flame, burnin’ like a flame forever
Break every stronghold
Shatter every wall so we can see
Heaven come down tonight
(Smith web)

International House of Prayer (IHOP) worship leader and recording artist Misty Edwards sings:

Listen to the rhythm, the rhythm of heaven… Listen to the rhythm, the rhythm of heaven for over two minutes in a corporate “worship” service at IHOP before moving into the phrase “I can hear your heart beat”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29gGH0G9tNA

Other than being inaccurate as Misty Edwards does not in fact hear the “rhythm of Heaven” or the heartbeat of God, she is leading the congregation into a trance through repetition. This brings up the question of “what exactly is meant by heaven?” That’s a good question to ask. A general understanding is that Heaven is the dwelling place of God. However, we only have a few passages of what Heaven looks like:

Ezekiel in a vision describes what he saw:

Eze 1:10 KJV

(10) As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.

John has a similar vision of Heaven which he describes in Revelation 4:

Rev 4:6-8 KJV

(6) And before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four beasts full of eyes before and behind.

(7) And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.

  1. And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.

Paul only briefly speaks of a vision of Heaven.

2Co 12:2-4 KJV

(2) I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven.
(3) And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;)
(4) How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.

Many scholars point out that Paul is talking about himself in the third person. However, Paul doesn’t directly want to talk about what he saw in the heavenly vision, let alone endorse a doctrine of using music to bring down Heaven or encounter God. Paul wasn’t encouraging local believers to adopt Roman pagan practices to grow the church with entertainment spectacles, it was quite the opposite. So when “worship” leaders sing about “Heaven coming down” and “feeling the rhythm of Heaven” what do they mean? They’ve never been to Heaven as God has no Heaven tourism industry. What’s understood in Charismatic “worship” is that music is used to create a feeling or a state of consciousness and that altered state is called heaven.

Terms are redefined. Worship redefined from reverent obedience to the music used to take you into “God’s presence” or “Heaven”.

God’s Presence” and “Heaven” is redefined to a subjective emotional state.

Can music actually lead you into an altered state?

Mickey Hart, drummer for the band the Grateful Dead states:

I realized early on that there was a connection between drums, vibrations, and magic. Even when I was a kid I would go into altered states. It would alter my consciousness. I would feel very happy, high, very joyful. It was different from anything else I did. I mean, I loved to play sports, you know, baseball, football, when I was seven or eight years old, but there was nothing in it that (I can say now) exalted my consciousness, raised my consciousness. Music was completely beyond anything else.”

(Hart web)

Dr. Jack Wheaton also states:

Repetitive, syncopated, and loud rhythms can also lull the higher part of the brain into a state of hypnosis, allowing easier access to the mid-brain, the seat of your emotions”

(Wheaton 142)

Christopher Lloyd Clarke is a composer and founder of “Royalty Free Hypnosis Music”.

Some sounds are particularly hypnotic, some cause trance – like states, and some types of music, like those containing binaural beats, can even alter the frequency of your brainwaves. “
This is done through repetition, swelling tones called “Drones”, Isochronic tones which are a repetitive pulsing sound and tempo.”

(Hypnosis music therapy web)

As we can see, music has the ability to induce individuals into an altered state when used with droning tones and repetition. This is in addition to the emotion that naturally accompanies music. Pink Floyd was using ambient tones and repetition in addition to smoke and lights to create an amazing concert experience in the 1970’s.

While concert goers all over the world exit the concert hall of their favorite band in a state of euphoria from having their idols sing their favorite songs, corporate charismatic worship not only uses the format and genre of popular music as well as lights and decibels associated with dance clubs, bars and concert halls, techniques are used to purposely induce people into an altered state.

How is this done?

The keyboard in a charismatic worship team isn’t playing a complex melody. Modern worship songs are considerably more simplistic than even hymns written 100 years ago.

The modern keyboard is used in what’s referred to as “pad”. This is to create the “drone” sound referred to earlier by composer Christopher Lloyd Clarke. Electric guitar doesn’t simply play the melody or strum a rhythm. An array of electronic effects are used to produce delay and washing effects similar to the keyboard. The bass and drums keep the repetition syncopated.

Each song in a worship set is manipulated to build emotion. The worship set is chosen consistently to start with an up tempo song, referred to as a “praise song”. Followed by mid tempo and slow tempo songs referred to as “worship songs”. Songs are sung and repeated numerous times. As the old saying goes 7-11. Seven words repeated 11 times. While this isn’t numerically accurate, the concept is true.

Just as the corporate worship set list has a formula, each song has a formula. The buzz word used is to “build”. Songs start with minimal instrumentation and builds up to a crescendo, then back down.

While from the worship leader and worship team’s perspective, they are leading the congregation into “worship” or an “encounter with God” by bringing “Heaven down to Earth”. What’s actually happening is that they are leading the congregation into an altered state of consciousness or trance through the hypnotic effect of the rhythm, repetition and droning tones. The definition of an encounter with God is defined by an emotional state, not by repentance and the outworking of fruits of the Spirit in the believers life.

Hypnosis and altered states of consciousness are just two of the many things associated with the New Age movement which is rooted on occult philosophies and practices.

Secular source the Encyclopedia Britannica states:

The movement’s strongest supporters were followers of modern esotericism, a religious perspective that is based on the acquisition of mystical knowledge and that has been popular in the West since the 2nd century AD, especially in the form of Gnosticism”
(Melton web)

This begs the question of what leaders in the New Apostolic Reformation think of the New Age movement and how some Charismatic practices relate to it.

Ellyn Davis states in the book “The Physics of Heaven” of which Bill and Beni Johnson as well as Bethel senior associate leader Kris Vallotton have contributed:

They (all contributors to this book) all agree that the next move of God will cause a shift at the deepest level of who we are— perhaps at the very “vibrational level” that the New Age movement has been exploring. They also all agree that there are precious truths hidden in the New Age that belong to us as Christians and need to be extracted from the worthless.
(Davis Kindle 446)

Who decides what “precious truths” need to be extracted from the New Age? Who extracts these truths?

Let’s consider again the words of God through Moses:

Deuteronomy 12:2-3
2 You must destroy all the places where the nations you are dispossessing served their gods, whether on high mountains, on hills, or under some leafy tree. 3 Break down their altars, smash their standing-stones to pieces, burn up their sacred poles completely and cut down the carved images of their gods. Exterminate their name from that place.

Charismatic worship does not bring “Heaven to Earth” or lead people in an “Encounter with God”. The congregation is led into an altered state of consciousness that is called “Heaven on Earth”. This not only goes outside scriptural practice for praising and worshiping God: “being joyfully obedient in song”, it is against Scripture.

So what do we do? We to be careful in how we represent and approach God.

God speaks harshly to the Priests in the Temple through Ezekiel:

Ezekiel 22:26 CJB

26 Her cohanim have done violence to my Torah, profaned my holy things, made no difference between the holy and the common, not distinguished between unclean and clean, hidden their eyes from my shabbats, and profaned me among themselves. 27 Her leaders in it are like wolves tearing up the prey to shed blood and destroy people, in order to benefit unjustly. 28 Her prophets have “plastered” for them with whitewash, seeing false visions and divining lies for them, saying, “Thus says Adonai Elohim,” when Adonai has not spoken. 3Therefore I am pouring out my fury on them, consuming them with the fire of my rage, bringing their own ways on their own heads,’ saysAdonai Elohim.”

Lets also consider the fate of Nadab and Abihu:

Num 3:4 KJV

(4) And Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD, when they offered strange fire before the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest’s office in the sight of Aaron their father.

What do we do? The answer is in Revelation

Revelation 18

 4 Then I heard another voice out of heaven say:
My people, come out of her!
so that you will not share in her sins,
so that you will not be infected by her plagues,

To conclude, worship teams are taught by authors and pastors that music is a means to “bring heaven to earth”, but this doesn’t line up with Scripture and instead has many things in common with New Age teachings which are based on occult principals. The first reaction in a worship musician who has been part of ministry on hearing this will be disbelief and anger. That’s “cognitive dissonance”, the tension of holding two conflicting thoughts at the same time.

There is the saying “ignorance is bliss”, not many Christians know the roots of music and how it can be used to manipulate you, but are instead taught that “music is amoral”. They would call the altered stated they’re lulled into “Heaven coming down” as this is how it’s marketed and defined by their emotions.  Make no mistake, money is being generated from this movement to fund the concerts, conferences and expensive sound equipment in churches. Coming from a background of many years in “worship circles”, I can honestly state that most of the musicians I’ve been in teams with and built friendships with have a genuine desire to worship God in music, but have been taught incorrectly what worship is and what pleases God. Many will also play the “pharisee card” by voicing an opinion based on scripture and reasoning over feelings.  Does how we feel trump what the Bible says about a subject?  Maybe to build a large successful church, but not to God and we all will one day answer to Him for our actions.  If we love God, our desire should be to please Him, not find excuses to justify our own actions.

Many modern churches structure around music as opposed to preaching the Word and elevate the status of young Christians who are immature in their faith to be the center of attention instead of being discipled. This is a deep problem that many churches will refuse to correct due to the financial repercussions of the action. While young musicians are excited to use their talents to praise God, it’s important to encourage Christian musicians to be separate from the culture. Use scripture and kindness to point this out instead of a condemning attitude

So what do we do?

Steve Camp, a former CCM award winning singer and now a pastor came up with what can be done in his 107 Thesis:

  1. Do all to the Glory of God

  2. The Authority and Sufficiency of Scripture

  3. The Character of Christian Music

  4. The Character of the Christian Musician (Personal Integrity and Holiness)

  5. Accountability to the Local Church

  6. To not be Unequally Yoked with an Unbelieving World

  7. To Be Above Reproach

  8. Reclaiming Christian Music and Ministry for Christ.

Take a step of faith. Come away from the current industry model like Abraham venturing out into the wilderness with only the promise of God as his surety. Begin to build authentic Christian Music Ministry again.”

stevenjcamp.blogspot.ca/2006/10/still-pounding-on-wittenbergs-doora.html

Works Cited (alphabetical)

“Amoral.” Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2015. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/amoral?s=t>.

Bacon, Ernest W. Spurgeon: Heir of the Puritans. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub., 1968. Print.

Bisagno, John R. Pastor’s Handbook. [Rev.] ed. Nashville, Tenn.: B & H, 2011. Print.

Camp, Steven J. “CAMPONTHIS: Still Pounding on Wittenberg’s Door…a Time for Courage, Prayer, Reform, Repentance and Revival.”CAMPONTHIS: Still Pounding on Wittenberg’s Door…a Time for Courage, Prayer, Reform, Repentance and Revival. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Oct. 2015. <http://stevenjcamp.blogspot.ca/2006/10/still-pounding-on-wittenbergs-doora.html>.

Clarke, Christopher. “Hypnosis Music Therapy – Understanding The Role of Music. ” Royaltyfreehypnosismusic. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. <http://www.royaltyfreehypnosismusic.com/Hypnosis_Music_Therapy.html>.

Cloud, David W. What Every Christian Should Know About Rock Music. Port Huron, MI: Way Of Life Literature, 2014. Print.

Crowley, Aleister. “Chapter I – The Book of the Law.” Hermetic Library. N.p., 1904. Web. 24 Oct. 2015.
<http://hermetic.com/legis/ccxx/chapter-i.html>.

Douek, Joel. “Music and Emotion—a Composer’s Perspective.” Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. Frontiers Media S.A., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2015. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3832887/>.

Franklin, Judy, and Ellyn Davis. The Physics of Heaven: Exploring God’s Mysteries of Sound, Light, Energy, Vibrations, and Quantum Physics. Crossville, TN: Double Portion, 2012. Print.

Hart, Mickey. “There Is No “World Music”: A Conversation with the Grateful Dead’s Mickey Hart Mickey Hart.” Mickey Hart. N.p., 10 Nov. 2011. Web. 04 Dec. 2015. <https://www.mickeyhart.net/news/there-no-world-music-conversation-grateful-deads-mickey-hart-457>.

“Heaven Come Conference 2016 | Speakers, Info & Schedule.” Bethel Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2015. <https://bethelmusic.com/heavencome/>.

“Listen to the Rhythm of Heaven – Awakening – Misty Edwards.” YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29gGH0G9tNA>.

MacArthur, John. “Grace To You.” The Apostles Who Don’t Do Anything. Grace To You, 18 Nov. 2013.
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Melton, John. “New Age Movement | Religious Movement.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. <http://www.britannica.com/topic/New-Age-movement>.

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